What does the minimum durability date mean?

What does the minimum durability date mean
What does the minimum durability date mean

Careful handling of food: good for you and the environment.
“At least durable until see lid embossing” – information such as this can be found on packages of cheese, milk, preserves, Pasta and everything else that is edible. What to do when looking at the lid reveals that the best-before date is already two days ago. Eat or not eat? We’ll tell you how to do it right.

Best-before date or use-by date?
How long can I eat food after the expiration date?
How do I know if a food is still edible?
What to do with food that I no longer consume myself?
Sabine Voskuhl
A dietician and catering Manager at the Bergmannsheil, Gelsenkirchen Buer, and an expert on the INSURANCE

Of minimum durability or ‘use by’ date?
Every German simply throws away about 82 kilos of food per year. However, this does not have to be. The best-before date (MHD) indicates on packaged foods the time period in which they retain their specific properties – such as smell or taste. But they are still edible afterwards. You don’t have to worry about harmful germs or anything like that.

It is important that you keep the products correctly. If you store the original sealed packaging properly, you can still often eat or drink food with a past BBE. So cheese belongs in the refrigerator, for juice also room temperatures are sufficient and flour wants to be well closed and stored dry.

The situation is different with the consumption date. Food such as minced meat or fresh fish are marked with the ‘use by’ date, as they are easily perishable. If the consumption date is exceeded, caution is advised. You should then no longer consume these products. This is because there is a risk that harmful germs may develop. The food is then labeled with “use by” (instead of “best before”).

By the way: expiration date and usage date mean the same thing. With this date begins the decay of the food. So, hands off!

Chocolate always works.
A whitish coating in chocolate is harmless, and is also called “Fat bloom”. It is a sign that the chocolate is already somewhat older, but still perfectly fine.

You can also often save potatoes.
If potatoes have green spots or already germs, you should remove them. You can eat them afterwards without hesitation.

How long can I eat food after the expiration date?
“Many foods can still be eaten for a few days after the expiration date,” explains Sabine Voskuhl, dietitian and catering manager at Bergmannsheil Gelsenkirchen Buer and an expert at KNAPPSCHAFT.

Milk, for example, can be eaten in unopened packaging about three days after the expiry date. The same with yogurt, cottage cheese, and sausage. Unopened, they often last even longer.
Eggs can still be used up to two weeks later – but best for cooking and baking. For Tiramisu or Mousse au Chocolat, however, you should use very fresh eggs. By the way: boiled eggs will last about a week or two if you store them in the refrigerator.
Flour, rice, cereals, coffee and pasta can be used for several months after the expiry date if they have been stored dry. The same applies to jam, juice, beer and wine.
Sugar and salt can be eaten indefinitely as long as they do not become moist and do not contain any additives, such as gelling sugar or herbal salt.
By the way, moisture is always a breeding ground for germs. By the way, packs of foods that are long-lasting, such as salt, sugar or vinegar, do not have to have a minimum durability date anymore due to an EU regulation.

“Be careful with milk: if pasteurised milk is spoiled, it becomes flaky or lumpy and tastes sour. H milk, on the other hand, becomes slimy and tastes bitter,“ says Sabine Voskuhl.

If your egg is still OK, you can find out with a simple Test: you put the raw egg in a glass of water.

If the egg sinks down, it is still fresh.
The Egg floats on the surface of the water, it is spoiled.
If the egg is slightly slanted in the water, you should boil it or heat it well before you make yourself over it.

How do I know if a food is still edible?
“Mold, unusual odor, or even pests are an alarm signal,” says Sabine Voskuhl. If, for example, hard cheese molds in one place, then you should generously cut away the place there. The Rest of the cheese is still edible. It looks different with soft cheese: if you discover mold here, you should dispose of it directly.

If a bread molds, the entire bread is no longer edible. Fruits, vegetables, jam, vinegar, nuts and cereals should also be completely disposed of in case of mould. If juice smells fermented or fermented and already forms bubbles, then away with it! Also rancid smelling Butter and oils should no longer be used. Always close the oil and vinegar well and avoid contamination.

You can recognize spoiled meat by the rather sweetish or strict smell, fresh meat smells slightly sour. If you find spiders or pests such as mites or moths in tea, coffee, spices, flour, for example, then you should stop using them.

“Moldy or spoiled foods lead to gastrointestinal complaints such as nausea , vomiting and diarrhea. Moldy foods are particularly dangerous because they also have a carcinogenic effect,“ explains Sabine Voskuhl.

What to do with food that I no longer consume myself?
You still have food at home that must be consumed soon.

But are you going on holiday or to Grandma’s? Then donate your food – the environment is happy. And people in your neighborhood too.